High Blood Pressure - Symptoms, Treatments, Medication
High Blood Pressure is one of the leading causes of heart disease and strokes around the world. It is estimated that on average, one in every four will suffer from high blood pressure or hypertension at some point in their lives. The bad news is that as of yet there is no known cure for high blood pressure. The good news is that if detected early, high blood pressure can be treated and controlled with relative ease.
The roots of high blood pressure are widespread, and as a result it is often difficult to ascertain the exact cause behind individual high blood pressure conditions. It has been shown that one of the primary causes of high blood pressure is obesity. Being overweight can increase a person's chances of developing hypertension by up to six fold. Maintaining a healthy weight and BMI index, as well as exercising moderately on a regular basis can all substantially reduce ones chances of developing hypertension.
Other possible causes of high BP include a poor diet, excessive intake of alcohol and ingesting high amounts of salt. Research has shown that on average, people consume more than three times the amount of salt than their bodies in fact need to function optimally. In addition, age, sex and genetic predisposition also all play a role in the onset of hypertension. The older one gets, the more likely it is that the condition may develop. Men are more at risk of developing hypertension than women, and African Americans stand a higher risk of succumbing to the condition that Caucasians and Asians.
Symptoms of high blood pressure include light headedness, dizziness, fainting, headaches and increased urination. These symptoms are generally not easy to detect however, often causing the condition to go unnoticed for years at a time. If left untreated, high BP can lead to a number of life threatening diseases, the most serious of these being heart attacks, aneurysms, heart failure, strokes, kidney failure and atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.
High BP Cures?
Possibly the most effective measure in the treatment of a high blood pressure condition is diet. A high fibre, low sodium, low fat diet has been shown to be the greatest weapon against hypertension. In addition, certain herbs and vitamin supplements may also help with the condition, as may alternative therapies such as Chinese medicine and acupuncture. As a last resort, individuals with extremely high blood pressure levels may be forced to take prescribed high blood pressure medication including vasodilators, beta blockers and CNS depressants.